Tag Archives: C.D. Fredericks

And the Fat Lady Sings

Well, I don’t know if she ever sang, or if she had any kind of performance at all. But her name was Madame Sherwood, and according to the bio on her CDV, she had an 84″ waist and was 675 lbs. Given the Victorian (and specifically Barnum-esque) penchant for exaggeration, I wouldn’t be surprised if she was more like a 60″ waist and 400 lbs but you never know. This CDV has been trimmed, rather significantly, but again this doesn’t detract from the image so I don’t find it terribly objectionable. It definitely impacted the value of the card, but I was not unhappy with the price paid. This is another C.D. Fredericks image. The simplicity of the backstamp not only in terms of the design but also the pomposity (or lack thereof) of the advertising slogan leads to some confusing dating for the image, as “Specialité” was his slogan in the 1850s and 60s, but the subject would have this date from the early to mid 1870s. Fredericks was another New York photographer who, like Gurney (whom he studied under and worked for for a time) and Eisenmann, did significant trade with the theatrical and performing professions.

For more information about C.D. Fredericks, there is a succinct but interesting blurb at Historic Camera

MadameSherwood, by C.D. Fredericks
MadameSherwood, by C.D. Fredericks

I suppose in a way you could term all these circus freak photos as also being occupationals in that they do show the sitters enacting their profession, which in a way was merely existing as who they were. It’s not like it mattered what outfit Tom Thumb or Madame Sherwood or Isaac Sprague (the Human Skeleton) wore, they were not performing a role, and even if they did, their audience was not coming to see them be Hamlet or Viola or Caliban, but to see the midget/fat lady/human skeleton.

A Brady CDV from the Washington DC Studio, and a Fredericks CDV from ¿Havana?

Two more CDVs – a Brady from the DC studio, and judging by the backmark style, a later (post Civil War) image. The sitter is reputed to be named John Randolph, one of the FitzRandolphs of Philadelphia (or could it be the FitzRandolphs who gave the original land grant to found Princeton University?). Evidence is unclear, but the picture is very.

John Randolph, by Mathew Brady
John Randolph, by Mathew Brady

The second CD is from the Fredericks studio, of New York, Havana and Paris. As the subject is toreadors, I’m guessing this was taken at either the Paris or Havana studios. Bullfighting has never had any serious following in the United States, so toreadors would be unlikely to come to New York on a performing tour of the US. I thought I had another Fredericks CDV somewhere in my collection, but I’ll be damned if I can find it – I may have just recorded the address on my New York studio map during a scan of studio backmarks on eBay.

Two Toreadors, by Fredericks of New York, Havana and Paris
Two Toreadors, by Fredericks of New York, Havana and Paris

This is another image that could have been marketed as “gay interest”, thankfully it wasn’t. Despite their costumes and matching fey poses, there’s nothing about them that shouts (or whispers) 19th century code for gay. Pure 21st century wishful thinking.

Updates to the NY photographer’s map

I’ve found some more photographers to add to the map of New York. Again, you’ve got to love some of these self-descriptions of their businesses. Also interesting is the case of C.D. Fredericks, who ran studios in New York, Paris and Havana. Makes you wonder how he managed three studios in such far-flung cities at a time where steam-powered trans-atlantic crossings were just coming in to being, there was no telephone, and the airplane was still an opium-smoker’s dream.

I’ve reorganized the list in geographic order, with the assorted Lower Manhattan addresses first, then the ascent of Broadway, followed by the odds and outliers, including one in Brooklyn.

STUDIO NAME ADDRESS DATES OF OPERATION
R.A. Lewis 152 Chatham Street * unknown
R.A. Lord 164 Chatham Street * unknown
K.W. Beniczky #2 New Chambers Street, corner of Chatham * unknown
Vaughan’s Gallery 228 Bowery unknown
H. Merz E. Houston & Essex Streets unknown
Bailey’s Photograph Gallery 371 Canal Street unknown
O.O. Roorbach, Publisher of Dramatic Photographs 122 Nassau Street unknown
Mathew Brady 643 Bleeker Street (1859-1860)
Jaquith, Daguerrian Parlor 98 Broadway unknown
S.A. Holmes, Daguerreotype Studio 289 Broadway unknown
Josiah Thompson, Daguerreotypist 315 Broadway 1849-1853
J. Gurney & Sons, Daguerreotype Studio 349 Broadway unknown – early
Mathew Brady 359 Broadway (1853-1859)
Bogardus 363 Broadway 1860s
E. Anthony, Publisher, Brady’s National Portrait Gallery 501 Broadway unknown
W.C. Wemyss, Dealer in Photographs, Books, &c. 575 Broadway unknown
C.D. Fredericks & Co
587 Broadway, New York
31 Passage du Havre, Paris
108 Calle de la Habana, Havana
587 Broadway unknown
Anson’s Daguerreotype Gallery 589 Broadway unknown – 1850s
Chas. K. Bill 603 Broadway unknown
J. Gurney & Sons 707 Broadway unknown – mid
Mathew Brady 785 Broadway (1860-)
Glosser 827 Broadway unknown
Bogardus 872 Broadway late 1870s
T.J. Maujer, Passepartout & Carved Walnut frame manufacturer, Dealer in Photographs, Artist’s Materials, &c. 953 Broadway & 183 5th Avenue unknown
J. Gurney & Sons 5th Avenue & 16th Street unknown – late
Loud’s Celebrated Album Cards unknown unknown
Fernando Dessaur 145 8th Avenue unknown
Estabrook’s Ferrotypes 379 Fulton Street, Brooklyn unknown

* addresses no longer exist. New Chambers Street & Chatham Street are now approximately where New York City Civic Center and Police Headquarters are now located.